A survey made for the purpose of establishing or reestablishing property boundary lines upon the ground or to obtain data for making a map showing boundary lines.
A graphic representation of physical features of the land depicting natural and man-made features, such as fences, buildings, utilities, hills, valleys, streams, lakes and roads.
A survey made for the purpose of dividing a tract of land into smaller parcels, showing monumentation and survey data on a map, in conformance with governing agencies.
Construction staking to establish the correct location of proposed structures shown on engineering design plans for constructing roads, pipelines, buildings and other improvements.
A survey for the purpose of supplying a title company and lender with the information necessary for issuing American Land Title Association or Extended Coverage Title Insurance.
A level, open field is much easier to survey than a wooded, hilly tract of land.
Dense vegetation in summer often restricts the line of site. Snow in winter may conceal field evidence.
An irregularly shaped tract of land has more corners and a longer perimeter than a square containing the same area.
The presence of iron rods, corner stones and other monuments in the survey area aid the surveyor, and their absence makes the survey more difficult.
Often the legal description of the property to be surveyed or that of the neighboring properties may be too vague, incomplete, contradictory or mathematically inaccurate.